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Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority
An Initiative of Government of Gujarat
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DRM is one of the major initiatives of Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority to build/strengthen capacity of various stakeholders for an effective response during disasters. The DRM Programme is formulated with a goal of sustainable reduction in disaster risk in most hazard prone districts in Gujarat state. The programme activities are designed in a way which supports capacity building to institutionalise the system, undertake environment building, education, awareness programmes on different facets of disaster management including strengthening of human capacity at all levels in disaster risk management and sustainable recovery.
The DRM Programme is aiming at strengthening of response, preparedness and mitigation measures through a variety of activities at various administrative levels. Considering the impact of DRM Programme activities, GSDMA included DRMP as a new scheme and made financial provision in state budget since 2008-09 considering implementation of exit strategy of UNDP in the year 2008. GSDMA started utilising State Government resources and made necessary arrangements to maintain flow of DRM Programme activities across the state.
GSDMA focuses on disaster prone districts of the state for strengthening of response, preparedness and mitigation measures. In order to ensure effective implementation of programme activities, GSDMA has appointed District Project Officers (DPOs) at district level who is working under the direct supervision of the respective District Collector. The DRM Programme initiative includes:
1. Development of disaster risk reduction and response plan at each administrative level – Village, Municipality, Taluka and District.
2. Creation of Disaster Management Teams and Committees at various levels and their institutional capacity building through training and hardware resources.
3. Capacity Building for various stakeholders in different subject areas.
4. Updation of national and state level online database i.e. IDRN & State Disaster Resource Network respectively for disaster preparedness and management.
5. IEC materials development for awareness generation programmes as well as training and capacity building.
6. Manual development for trainers and practitioners at different levels.
7. Integration of disaster management plans in to the development plans of local self-governments.
Genesis of DRM Programme
The Disaster Risk Management Programme was initiated by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Govt. of India in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in the year 2002 at the national level. Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority contributed as the nodal agency for implementing programme activities in Gujarat state partnering UNDP to strengthen the all India programme through the use of combined resources. A State Steering Committee (SSC) chaired by Principal Secretary and CEO, GSDMA comprising secretary level officials and representatives from other governmental and non-governmental organisations was set up for monitoring the DRM Programme activities. This programme envisages disaster management planning at all levels involving resource, inventory, hazard risk mapping and the setting up of response mechanism in case of emergencies besides awareness generation and capacity building for the same.
Approach
Community Based Disaster Preparedness approach
The response to the repetitive disasters that have plagued India over the years has, in most cases, been spontaneous and supply driven. The Government in its official capacity and non-governmental organization including the corporate sector has provided assistance mainly in the form of relief and rehabilitation to the victims of major calamities. These initiatives though well intentioned were inadequate in two ways, firstly they failed to incorporate preparedness and mitigation measures into the rehabilitation and reconstruction effort and secondly the initiatives were in the provision mode whereby the community became the beneficiary by default.
The emerging paradigm shift in Disaster Management worldwide from response to prevention and preparedness has prompted mitigation measures such as the drought proofing programs in Gujarat, Orissa and Rajasthan and the propagation of the retrofitting technology in Maharashtra and Gujarat after the Latur (1993) and Kachchh (2001) earthquakes respectively. The Gujarat earthquake rehabilitation programme has been one of the best examples of GO – NGO collaboration. However, a truly comprehensive approach to disaster management entails hazard specific preparedness, mitigation and prevention measures being undertaken by communities who are most affected by such events. This approach termed as Community Based Disaster Preparedness and as exemplified in disaster prone countries such as the Phillipines, Bangladesh, and Nepal has gained momentum in India in the aftermath of the super cyclone of Orissa in 1998 and the devastating earthquake of January 26th 2001. The approach aims to prevent as far as possible and to mitigate against the impact of natural and man-made disasters through raising awareness and building upon local coping mechanisms and vulnerable community; a community equipped with the necessary skills sets and aware of the steps to be taken pre, during and the post disaster to protect their lives and property.
Goals and Objectives of DRM Programme:
Sustainable reduction in disaster risk in Gujarat State was the main goal for inception of this programme. Some of the prime objectives of DRM Programme are listed below:
1. Capacity building to institutionalize the system for disaster risk management.
2. To undertake environment building, education, awareness programmes on different facets of disaster management; strengthening of capacity at all levels in disaster risk management and sustainable recovery; development of manuals and training modules; information, education and communication materials and their dissemination.
3. Multi-hazard preparedness, response and mitigation plan for disaster risk management at state, district, taluka, urban local bodies and village level in Gujarat state.
4. Networking knowledge on effective approaches, methods and tools for disaster risk management, developing and prompting policy frameworks at State and National levels.
DRM Programme
What is DRM Programme?
Components
Annual Report 2013-14
DM Plans & DRM Reports
Old SDRN link
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