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Vibrant Gujarat 2015
Gujarat Emergency Earthquake Reconstruction Project: Summary of works completed as part of the World Bank and ADB funded Projects
In the aftermath of the 26th January 2001 earthquake, a massive earthquake rehabilitation and reconstruction program (Gujarat Emergency Earthquake Reconstruction Project) was launched with Government of Gujarat funding as well as assistance from Government of India, multilateral funding agencies: World Bank; ADB, the Netherlands Government, European Commission etc.
A phased implementation of the strategy was also evolved as part of this exercise:
i) First, a short term phase to support priority areas that would address basic human needs and being the most pressing reconstruction works, including temporary shelter before the onset of monsoons, debris removal, housing reconstruction, health, education, irrigation / water storage and public buildings.
ii) Second, a medium term phase to continue and complete the reconstruction and recovery efforts from the first phase emergency financing, initiate a medium term emergency response system programme and to lay down the foundation for sustainable long term disaster management programme and
iii) Third, long term phase to further strengthen capacity of the GSDMA for reducing and managing the natural hazards risks faced by Gujarat and pilot implementation of risk transfer mechanisms.
The State Government designed the reconstruction programme as a comprehensive multi-sector program, aimed at time bound rehabilitation of the people affected by the earthquake through provision of housing, social amenities, infrastructure, preparing the people to face disasters through community participation and multi hazard preparedness programs, human resource development; and livelihood support based on sustainable economy and ecology.
Earthquake Rehabilitation & Reconstruction - Work Done
HOUSING
2,02,343 (G - 5 category) houses reconstructed
9,08,751 (G - 1 to G 4 category) houses repaired
EDUCATION
All the 13 damaged Mid-day meal sheds have been repaired and 448 reconstructed
6 Technical training institutes reconstructed
130 colleges for higher education have been repaired
2111 government & government aided schools have been repaired and 140 others reconstructed
44,218 school rooms have been repaired
12,750 school rooms have been reconstructed
13,000 new additional school rooms have been reconstructed
PUBLIC BUILDINGS
3,768 public buildings reconstructed
232 public buildings repaired / strengthened
Retrofitting of 2848 critical undamaged buildings completed
ROADS AND BRIDGES
The emergency strengthening work on 185 km State Highway roads completed and a further strengthening and resurfacing of 701 kms completed immediately after the earthquake
About 4,470 km of major district roads and village access roads in 12 districts were rehabilitated and upgraded
101 bridges have been repaired and 28 bridges have been reconstructed
DAMS & IRRIGATION
The emergency repairs of dams before the monsoon of 2001 were undertaken for 245 dams
229 dams have been strengthened to hazard resistant standards
HEALTH
1976 anganwadis have been repaired
1614 health facilities repaired including 6 General Hospitals, 94 Community Health Centers, 192 Primary Health Centers, 430 Sub Centers, 878 Staff Quarters and 14 Dispensaries
Reconstruction of all 509 health facilities have been completed including 5 General Hospitals, 11 Community Health Centers, 45 Primary Health Centers, 196 Sub Centers, 232 Staff Quarters and 20 Dispensaries
Bhuj Civil Hospital was totally destroyed during the earthquake killing 182 people including 11 staff members. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the then Hon'ble Prime Minister of India laid the foundation stone for rebuilding the Hospital. A 300 bedded, ultra-modern, State of the Art hospital was reconstructed at a cost of over Rs. 100.00 Crores from the Prime Minister’s Relief Fund. The hospital was reconstructed with state of art base isolation technology which would be able to withstand any future earthquake of the same magnitude of the Bhuj earthquake.
RURAL WATER SUPPLY
2,689 km of rural water supply pipelines laid
Damaged pipelines have been replaced with metallic pipes reducing the line loss from 35-40% to 15-20%
619 water supply related civil structures (reservoirs, pump rooms, staff quarters), 270 pump sets, 17 water treatment plants have been constructed
270 pumping machinery have been installed and 5 railway crossings have been constructed
222 tube wells were drilled in 152 villages that had no other reliable water supply source
POWER
Massive task for strengthening of transmission and distribution network in the earthquake-affected areas taken up.
465 power transmission equipment repaired
Strengthening / restoration of 9034.74 Km of transmission and distribution lines completed
Repair of distribution equipment such as single / three phase meter (2,21,877) and distribution transformers (4042) completed
LIVELIHOOD
78,132 beneficiaries have been given assistance under various schemes through Cottage and Rural industries Department programme which includes loan subsidy, tool kits for artisans, handicraft artisans, masons, looms to handloom artisans and working capital assistance for handloom weavers
1,83,794 beneficiaries have been given assistance in agriculture
Over 14,147 women were covered under various projects in Women’s Livelihood Restoration Project
SOCIAL REHABILITATION
Disabled Persons
• 740 persons were disabled; Artificial limbs fitted to 236 persons
• Modern wheelchairs, 3017 supportive devices provided
Children
• 449 children lost both parents & 1309 lost either of the parents
• 71 orphaned children have been fostered
• 157 day centers set up covering 8558 children
• 3 orphanages established housing 241 children
Paraplegics
• Pension scheme introduced for 105 paraplegics
• Physiotherapy provided under continuous supervision of doctors
Old Persons
• 657 aged persons given pension
• 2 Old Age Homes established housing 23 aged person
URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
The four worst affected towns of Kutch have been reconstructed as state-of-art towns with upgraded facilities.
Development plans prepared for 4 towns of Kutch
Development plans have been prepared with 50 years perspective and town planning with 20 years growth in view.
Modern Infrastructure facilities also provided for 10 other towns in Gujarat
351 Km of urban roads completed
Wider roads and planned open spaces to facilitate evacuation in case of emergency
703 Km of water supply pipelines have been laid
353 Km of sewerage pipelines have been laid
Water supply and sewerage system designed in view of population growth up to 2020
173 new municipal buildings (markets, tower clocks, library, town halls etc.) have been reconstructed
National building code for structural & fire safety made mandatory
Details about both the projects funded by the World Bank and the ADB such as the project components, financials and other relevant documents can be referred from the links shown below:
World Bank funded GEERP: Gujarat Emergency Earthquake Reconstruction Project
ADB funded GERRP: Asian Development Bank
Download File
Kutch Rehabilitation After Earthquake - Story of Human Resilience and Endeavour
Key Projects & Programmes
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